‘Outragedy of poetscalds! Acomedy of letters! I have them all, tame, deep and harried, in my mine’s I’.

- James Joyce, ‘Finnegans Wake’, 1939

A typical Joycean sentence, pregnant with meaning. What it suggests to me, with the allusion to Greek tragedy (or rather ou-tragedy, not tragedy) and Shakespearean comedy (a-comedy, not comedy.. ‘A Comedy of Errors’)) is Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel’s, (1770–1831), contention that tragedy is the very pinnacle of works of Art, comedy is but its demise. A similar view is on occasion to be found in Friedrich Nietzsche, (1844 -1900), though he was not such a systematic…

‘Call halton eatwords! Mumm me moe mummers! What, no Ithalians? How, not one Moll Pamelas? Accordingly!! Play actors by us ever have crash to their gate. Mr Messop and Mr Borry will produce of themselves, as they’re two genitalmen of Veruno, Senior Nowno and Senior Brolano (finaly! finaly!), all for love of a fair penitent that, a she be broughton, rhoda’s a rosy she. Their two big skins! How they strave to gat her! Such a boyplay! Their bouchicaulture! What tyronte power! Buy our fays! My name is novel and on the Granby in hills. Bravose!! Thou traitor slave!’

Oh Terpsichore, muse of dance and of chorus, mother of the Sirens …

‘ … ahs ohs ouis sis jas jos gias neys thaws sos, yeses and yeses and yeses, to which, if one has the stomach to add the breakages, upheavals distortions, inversions of all this chambermade one stands, given a grain of goodwill, a fair chance of actually seeing the whirling dervish, Tumult, son of Thunder, self exiled in upon his ego …’

- James Joyce, ‘Finnegans Wake’, 1939

Tumult the whirling Dervish: in Islam Dervish refers generally to members of a Sufi fraternity, or more particularly…

‘… jo, openwide sat, jo, jo, her why hide that, jo jo jo, the winevat, of the most serene magyansty az archdiochesse, if she is a duck, she’s a douches, and when she has a feherbour snot her fault, now is it? artstouchups, funny you’re grinning at, fancy you’re in her yet, Fanny Urinia’.

- James Joyce, ‘Finnegans Wake’, 1939

Fanny Urinia, Urania, oh Heavenly One, how I worship thee, muse of Astronomy, daughter of Zeus and of Mnemosyne, the goddess of memory, great granddaughter of Uranus, spirit of Universal Love, with the illustriousness and potent capability of your father…

Humza Yousaf, (1985 — ), present Cabinet Secretary for Justice (now there’s an ironic title) for the Scottish National (Socialist?) Party, overseer of Scotland’s new hate crime bill, would very much like to criminalise conversations that have taken place in private homes were they purportedly stirring up hatred against any group with what are considered to be protected characteristics; that is to say, race, sexual orientation, religion. ‘If you invite ten mates round and it can be proven beyond reasonable doubt that you intentionally stirred up hatred against Jews’, said Scotland’s first ever Muslim cabinet minister, ‘why should this not…

‘It is part of education, of thinking as the consciousness of the single in the form of universality, that the ego comes to be apprehended as a universal person in which all are identical. A man counts as a man in virtue of his manhood alone, not because he is a Jew, Catholic, Protestant, German, Italian, &c. This is an assertion which thinking ratifies and to be conscious of it is of infinite importance. It is defective only when it is crystallised, e.g. as a cosmopolitanism in opposition to the concrete life of the state’.

- Hegel, ‘Elements of the…

‘Since reality has shown itself to be an undivided unity with the universal, then, just as the in-itself of virtue is merely an aspect, so does the being-for-self of the ‘way of the world’ also prove to be no more than that. The individuality of the ‘way of the world’ may well imagine it acts only for itself or in its own interest. It is better than it thinks, for its action is at the same time an implicitly universal action. When it acts in its own interest, it simply does not know what it is doing; and when it…

‘The Government of South Australia acknowledges and respects Aboriginal peoples as the state’s first peoples and nations, and recognises Aboriginal peoples as traditional owners and occupants of land and waters in South Australia. Further, that their spiritual, social, cultural and economic practices come from their traditional lands and waters, that they maintain their cultural and heritage beliefs, languages and laws which are of ongoing importance, and that they have made and continue to make a unique and irreplaceable contribution to the state.

We acknowledge that Aboriginal peoples have endured past injustice and dispossession of their traditional lands and waters’.


by Paul Laurence Dunbar (1872–1906)

I AM no priest of crooks nor creeds,

For human wants and human needs

Are more to me than prophets’ deeds;

And human tears and human cares

Affect me more than human prayers.

Go, cease your wail, lugubrious saint!

You fret high Heaven with your plaint.

Is this the ‘Christian’s joy’ you paint?

Is this the Christian’s boasted bliss?

Avails your faith no more than this?

Take up your arms, come out with me,

Let Heav’n alone; humanity

Needs more and Heaven less from thee.

With pity for mankind look ‘round;

Help them to…

‘Mary Magdalene’

by Boris Pasternak (1890–1960)

As soon as night descends, we meet.

Remorse my memories releases.

The demons of the past compete,

And draw and tear my heart to pieces,

Sin, vice and madness and deceit,

When I was slave of men’s caprices

And when my dwelling was the street.

The deathly silence is not far;

A few more moments only matter,

Which the Inevitable bar.

But at the edge, before they scatter,

In front of Thee my life I shatter,

As though an alabaster jar.

O what might not have been my fate

By now, my Teacher and…

David Proud

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